Is Java Better than C++?

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"This language is better than that language" - these debates are literally childish. Those who start quarreling with these, know nothing about programming. Each language has a special use case, each language is specialized for a different field. One language is better than another - it's very relative.

There are some things to consider in order to say one language (A) is better than another (B)... E.g.

  • A and B are being compared on what kind of use case.
  • What is the efficiency of the two languages ​​in the same project?
  • Which language has a better library, framework, third-party package, and tooling for the project?
  • The codebase of the project can be well optimized in which language.
  • What kind of performance can be obtained from these languages in the production stage?
  • If you use the language (A) or (B), what will be the development time and costing of the project.
  • How maintainable is the code of two languages?
In addition to these, there may be many more criteria depending on the project requirement.

Now let's talk about C ++ and Java

Both languages ​​are very efficient in their respective fields. It would not be a mistake to call Java a memory-safe, optimized version of C ++, although the use cases and mechanisms of the two languages ​​are quite different.

Java was created as an easy alternative to C ++. Because learning advanced topics like C ++ pointers and memory management is still very difficult for many programmers, handling C ++ exceptions is still a nightmare in many cases. Java was created to free programmers from many of these things.

The most advantageous aspect of Java is that it does not have pointers, memory management is almost entirely automatic and very advanced. At the same time, the Java exception handling mechanism is much more advanced and friendly than C ++. For cross-platform compatibility, Java's entire execution process is limited to a virtual ecosystem (JVM).

In other words, Java seems to be much more convenient than C ++. But, the Big Picture may not always be the same.

Java can be easily won by judging many more criteria including production safety, fast development, maintainable code.

C ++ is always unrivaled when it comes to judging certain criteria. E.g.
  • Hardware manipulation
  • Direct memory access
  • Embedded system without runtime support
  • Critical Stack Requirement
The operating system can be a very classic example of a project with such requirements.

The bottom line is that, before debating which language is good and which is bad, read about their use cases, advantages and disadvantages, and if possible, try the same project with more than one language. In this way, you can understand for yourself what is good for what, why it is good and why it is bad.

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